UN Agency Urges China to Accelerate Green Energy Plan


Frank Jotzo at Australian National University said Beijing was falling short when it comes to meeting global goals aimed at curbing temperature rises

 

A new United Nations agency report detailing what the world needs to do to combat climate change has highlighted the need for China – by far the world’s biggest greenhouse gas emitter – to accelerate its shift towards clean and low-carbon energy.

This week’s report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) said global emissions needed to peak by 2025 and fall 43% below 2010 levels by the end of the decade if temperature rises are to be kept below 1.5 degrees Celsius.

It also recommended a 65%-95% cut in coal consumption by 2050 and further cuts in oil and gas, putting China’s efforts to decarbonise its coal-heavy energy system – and its renewed emphasis on energy security – under the spotlight.

Frank Jotzo, an economist at Australian National University (ANU) and one of the authors of the IPCC report, said China was one of several countries currently falling short when it comes to meeting global goals aimed at curbing temperature rises.

“The opportunity is there but the short-term actions overall and the near-term pledges that have been made are incompatible,” he said.

China, which produces about a third of global annual emissions, has not officially responded to the IPCC report, and media coverage has been scant. Chinese researchers who helped draft the report also declined to comment.

Beijing has already pledged to bring greenhouse gases to a peak “before 2030” and achieve carbon neutrality by 2060.

 

Energy Security

But its recent focus has shifted towards energy security, following disruptive power cuts as well as the geopolitical uncertainties brought about by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

Meanwhile, the war has also prompted countries such as Germany to reconsider coal as a replacement for Russian natural gas.

Economic stability has also been a growing concern, especially as the ongoing battle against new Covid-19 outbreaks stifles businesses and disrupts supply chains.

Recent policy documents show China remains committed to coal as an energy source, at least in the short-term, with plans to start reducing consumption after 2025.

“The language at the moment is for coal-fired power generation, and more accepting of it,” Jorrit Gosens, an ANU researcher on Chinese energy policies, said.

In its latest energy five-year plan, China said “advanced coal technologies” would help the transition to green energy, with coal-fired electricity providing baseline power for renewable energy bases across the country.

“They are saying it is necessary in order to allow growth in renewable energy,” Gosens said.

 

  • Reuters, with additional editing by George Russell

 

 

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George Russell

George Russell is a freelance writer and editor based in Hong Kong who has lived in Asia since 1996. His work has been published in the Financial Times, The Wall Street Journal, Bloomberg, New York Post, Variety, Forbes and the South China Morning Post.