Russia and China break with the Dollar and move towards BRICS currency

China and russia


IMPORTANT POINTS:

  • Reduced Dependence on the Dollar: Russia and China increase trade using rubles and yuan, minimizing the use of the US dollar.
  • BRICS Common Currency Proposal: Under discussion is the creation of a new global reserve currency to strengthen the economic independence of the BRICS countries.
  • Challenges in BRICS Currency Implementation: The introduction of a unified BRICS currency faces resistance and challenges, including the economic diversity of its members and the dominance of the Chinese yuan.

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In a significant shift in global economic dynamics, Russia and China have significantly decreased their dependence on the US dollar, now conducting approximately 90% of their trade transactions in Russian rubles and Chinese yuan. This adjustment was cemented during a high-level meeting between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping, focusing on strengthening the BRICS alliance and advancing their mutual interests without the US currency.

Advantages of Dedollarization

Putin highlighted the advantages of moving away from the US dollar, noting that this move has simplified trade transactions and strengthened the economic sovereignty of both nations. This strategy not only seeks to benefit Russia and China, but also set a precedent for other BRICS nations and potentially the global economy, reducing dependence on the US dollar.

Plans for a BRICS Common Currency

One of the most ambitious outcomes of the BRICS financial strategy is the potential creation of a common currency for the bloc. At the BRICS 14 Summit, the development of a “new global reserve currency” that would operate alongside national currencies was widely discussed. This initiative has received support from several member nations, including Brazil, whose President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva expressed his support and questioned the dominance of the US dollar in global transactions.

Challenges and Skepticism

Despite the momentum, the path toward a common BRICS currency faces significant challenges. At the BRICS 2023 Summit, initial speculation about the announcement of a BRICS currency turned out to be premature. Additionally, countries like India have shown resistance to completely moving away from the US dollar, particularly in critical transactions such as oil purchases.

Interest and Controversy Surrounding a BRICS Currency

The idea of ​​a unified BRICS currency has sparked interest and controversy. Up to 40 countries have expressed interest in joining the BRICS alliance this year, reflecting a growing curiosity in the economic model proposed by these nations. However, the notion of a single currency for the bloc remains controversial, with critics arguing that it could create economic dependencies, particularly on the Chinese yuan, which may not be in the best interests of all member states.

The reduction in the use of the US dollar by Russia and China marks a significant shift in international finance, paving the way for changes in how global economies interact. While the adoption of a BRICS currency could lessen the impact of US sanctions and change the landscape of international finance, the implementation of such a currency comes with complex challenges that require careful navigation.